ajakirja Raamatukogu logo Publishers:
2002
Issued 6 numbers a year

Address: "Raamatukogu" office, National Library of Estonia, Tõnismägi 2 Tallinn 15189 Estonia
phone +372 630 7128 fax +372 631 1410, e-mail enerk@nlib.ee

Editorial board: Malle Ermel, Mall Kaevats, Gerda Koidla, Aira Lepik, Reet Olevsoo, Ilme Sepp, Tiiu Valm, Anne Valmas
Editor - ENE RIET, Second Editor MAIRE LIIVAMETS, Text Editor ELLEN ARNOVER, Designed by KERSTI TORMIS

2002 nr. 2 EDITORIAL CONTENTS ARCHIVE

This spring the Estonian state encourages us to think about the future – about the coming years of retirement, which 30, 40 or 50 years old Estonians have not yet enough thought about. Today, the future pension rate of our generations, who is going to administer our pension funds, and will the sum guarantee us normal life standards are burning topics at home, in the office, and in Estonian journalism.

From the beginning of the current year we contribute to a national unemployment fund. Here, the citizens of Estonian state have had no freedom of choice: a percentage of income is simply allocated to the fund.

But there are also other new developments. During few months we have to decide whether to join and with whom to join. The topic is, of course, the “pension’s second pillar” and the choice of a pension fund.

Quick and unpredictable developments in Estonia do not encourage making future prognosis; in the end, it is the matter of trust. Indeed, whom do we trust? The state, a political party, a pension fund? Juku, a commentator of an Estonian Internet portal DELFI, teaches us: “Do not trust local companies with your pension fund. I would secure my future income in a Swiss or German company.”

On one hand, the Estonians have had bad experiences with dishonest fund managers that have made us careful; on the other hand, public trust guarantees the steadiness of a fund. The pension fund system functions in countries with stable development; for instance, the Swedish pension funds have accumulated hundreds of billions of kronas during their existence.

Andres Langemets, an author of our journal, aged 54, an Estonian with an average income, made his calculations and reached the conclusion that he has already too little time left to contribute to his pension fund, and that he is not paid well enough to remarkably gain from all this trouble.

However, my female ex-colleague, of the same age as Mr. Langemets, ponders upon the matter as follows: “I have already contributed to the “third pillar” of my pension for several years. In the case of the “second pillar” the state has promised to add 4 percent to my two from my income. So I may hope I will retain 70 percent of my present, relatively good income. I do not want to rely on my daughters in the future. The younger one still needs to get her education; the elder is planning to have another baby and her family has to pay off the mortgage loan on their house for several decades. Young people must have their own life. If I am insured, I can say: ‘Whatever the future will bring, I have done my best.’”

The thoughts of other people might support making up one’s mind; nevertheless, we have to make the decision, which cannot be turned, by ourselves, relying only on our own wits, and soon. A bystander’s advice is no good here.

Make up your mind!
Ellen Arnover

CONTENTS

FIRST COLUMN

Current Trends of the Higher Education Scenery in Europe - Sirje Virkus

During the recent years an explosive growth in the number of new organisational forms has taken place at the universities and on companies’ training level. Two- or mixed-form university models dominate, i.e. traditional and distant education courses are simultaneously offered. The article treats in greater detail the e-learning policies and e-universities which courses and curricula are increasingly based on competency, focusing on students and the learning process.

NATIONAL INFORMATION POLICY

Research Bibliography – From a Printed Publication to a Database? - Ene Loddes

The article treats the problems concerning electronic information and systemising and representation of information on the Internet. It gives a brief overview of Estonian databases, published on the Internet, and analyses the content and generation principles of various databases. It also contains proposals for improvements, which should enhance the reliability and comprehensibility of databases.

RESEARCH LIBRARIES

Estonian Patent Library in 1991-2001 - Harri-Koit Lahek

An overview of the library, founded in 1991 (goals, collection development, user services, financing principles, staff, etc.), during its ten year existence.

PUBLIC LIBRARIES

Tallinn Central Library News - Arda Mäepere

After thorough renovation of Tallinn Central Library building the library moved back to its premises in Estonia Avenue. The renovation works included completing of the attic storey, where the library administration now has its premises, and building of a periodicals reading room and the premises of the Children’s and Music Departments. The article gives an overview of the reorganisation of library’s user services and in-house activities.

At the Tallinn Central Library’s Department of Estonian-language Children’s Literature - Ülle Kuuse

After the renovation of Tallinn Central Library building the library’s Children’s Department also got separate rooms. In addition to home lending services the library also provides for the use reference copies, search on the Internet, and listening to children’s music. Children’s interest in literature is promoted by the means of various events.

A Public Library in Kadriorg, Tallinn Was Opened in New Premises - Arda Mäepere

The library moved from the working premises is a dwelling house cellar; it had exploited for several decades, to the building of Anton Hansen Tammsaare Memorial Museum at L. Koidula 12a. The new premises are not larger that the previous ones; however, adult and children’s literature was placed on separate open access shelves. The Kadriorg library is also the first branch of Tallinn Central Library that provides computerised services to its readers.

About the History of the Koidula 12a Building - Elem Treier

At present the Kadriorg branch of Tallinn Central Library is situated in this building in addition to a memorial museum of Anton Hansen Tammsaare, an eminent Estonian writer. Mr. Treier, a director of the memorial museum, gives an overview of the history of the house from its building to the establishment of a memorial museum of the writer there.

The Central Library of Järva County - Aive Äärma, Heli Lepp

The Central Library of Järva County was reopened on 20 February 2001, after moving to its new premises, which it shares with the local Slavic high school. The library provides dispersed user services on several floors: on the ground floor it provides home lending, reading room, and periodicals reading room services; on the 2nd floor there are fine arts and music reading rooms, a children’s reading room and a Public Internet Access Point

ESTONIA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION

About the Training of Translators of Interpreters in the European Union’s Context Tiia Raudma

In her article, a councellor at the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Estonia gives an overview of a Minister’s report of 2001, The Training of Interpreters and Translators in the Context of the European Integration. The document describes the present situation of the existence and training of translators/interpreters that meet the requirements of the European Commission in Estonia, and the prognosis of their primary and further training needs in the close future.

What About the Estonian Language in the European Union? - Hille Saluäär

If the Republic of Estonia joins the European Union, the Estonian language will become an official language of the union. Joining the European Union presents no threat to the preservation of the Estonian language. The development of our language might instead profit from the integration: translating the European Union legal acts into Estonian has already contributed to the organisation of Estonian terminology in various areas of life.

LIBRARY EDUCATION

Half a Century of Higher Professional Education in Tallinn (1952–1960) and in Viljandi (1960–1991) - Mati Muru

The training of library professionals on higher professional education level in Estonia was started in 1952, when the Tallinn Cultural Education School was established. Since 1960 they have been educated in Viljandi. In 1991 the school was reorganised into an applied higher educational institution – the Viljandi College of Culture. In his article, a long-time lecturer of librarianship gives a historical overview of the organisation of educational work at the school, its graduates and lecturers, and the reorganisation of the school into a college.

The College of Culture at the Crossing of the Fifth and Sixth Decade - Ilmar Vaaro

The Head of Librarianship and Information Studies Department of the Viljandi College of Culture gives an overview of the curricula of the Chairs of Librarianship, Information Sciences and Document Management. He also describes the learning environment, research of academic staff members, participation in international higher educational programmes and further training possibilities.

About Diploma Papers of the Graduates from the Viljandi College of Culture - Krista Talvi

A long-time Chairperson of the National Final Examinations Committee on Library and Information Sciences gives a brief overview of the problems focused on in diploma papers of the graduates of the College’s Librarianship and Information Studies Department in the last ten years.

BOOK HISTORY

Gebhard Himsel’s Book Donation to the Tallinn Town Library at St. Olai’s Church Tiiu Reimo

A second article in a yearly column on the first town library of Tallinn, Bibliotheca Revaliensis ad D. Olai (Tallinn Town Library at St. Olai’s Church), established in 1552. The library is celebrating its 450th anniversary in 2002. The article gives an overview of 23 publications, mostly in the fields of mathematics and natural sciences, donated to the library by Gebhard Himsel (1603–1676), the first mathematics professor at the Tallinn Gymnasium.

THE ANSWER PLACE

Siina Pallas, a Head of Children’s Department of Saare County Central Library, Anne Kippar, a librarian at the Children’s Department of Jõhvi Central Library, and Ädu Neemre, a Head of Children’s Department of Tartu Public Library, ponder upon children’s reading activities and a project Reading Permitted, initiated by the Estonian Children’s Literature Information Centre.

LEGAL COLUMN

About Signing the Contract of Employment - Heli Naeris

The article introduces the Republic of Estonia Employment Contracts Act and draws attention to the problems associated with signing the contracts of employment.

STATISTICS

Basic statistical data of Estonian libraries in 2001: A table

ESTONIAN LIBRARIANS ASSOCIATION

The Friedrich Puksoo Prize 2002 - Rein Saukas

A thorough overview of the Puksoo Prize nominees in 2002. The prize went to Ilse Hamburg for her monograph Eesti bibliograafia ajalugu 1901–1917 (The History of Estonian Bibliography 1901–1917).

Best Bibliographers Were Again Awarded - Krõõt Liivak

A thorough overview of the Bibliography Prize nominees of 2002. The prize was awarded to Ene-Lille Jaanson for a bibliographic list of publications and a historical overview of the Tartu University’s printing shop 1632–1710, Tartu ülikooli trükikoda, 1632–1710: ajalugu ja trükiste bibliograafia.

An Estonian Librarians Association’s Speech Forum Reading Permitted was held on 28 February. The event’s chief organiser was the Estonian Children’s Literature Information Centre and it mostly discussed children’s reading matters. The participants in the forum drew conclusions of the issues discussed, which text was sent to the Ministers of Culture and Education, the Riigikogu’s Cultural Affairs Committee, Estonian newspapers and central public libraries.

The Annual Meeting of Estonian Librarians Association, held on 28 February at the National Library of Estonia, listened to the report of ELA activities in 2001, approved the financial and auditing commission’s reports of 2001 and the plan for major events in 2002. The President and members of the ELA Board for the years 2002–2004 were elected; Krista Talvi was reelected the President for the third period. The Association’s Annual Prize of 2001 was awarded to Katrin Niklus from the Rapla Central Library; the Prize for Merits went to Mati Muru, a long-time lecturer at the Viljandi College of Culture.

The Estonian Librarians Association’s Rural Libraries Section renewed its membership. Previously, chief specialists of county central libraries dominated among the section’s members; now the section aims to emphasise on hearing out the voice of rural librarians. Two working groups were established: one dealing with rural librarians’ remuneration of labour, and another focusing on fixing their work loads, tasks and professional requirements.

NEWS

An overview of this year’s winter seminar for Estonian libraries, held on 25–26 February at Kääriku. Almost all member libraries of the Estonian Libraries Network Consortium took part in the event. The seminar’s agenda included general matters concerning libraries’ work and their cooperation within the ELNET Consortium.

In 2002 the Ministry of Culture centrally financed the purchase of EBSCO databases in Estonia within the framework of eIFL Direct programme (Electronic Information for Libraries Direct). This means that all libraries, information centres, hospitals, and governmental institutions in Estonia can free of charge register themselves as the users of EBSCO databases.

ARCHIVE
2002 - 1
2001 - 6, 5, 4, 3, 2,
1

2000 - 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
1999 - 6, 5, 4, 3, 2