ajakirja Raamatukogu logo Publishers:
2001
Issued 6 numbers a year

Address: "Raamatukogu" office, National Library of Estonia, Tõnismägi 2 Tallinn 15189 Estonia
phone +372 630 7128 fax +372 631 1410, e-mail enerk@nlib.ee

Editorial board: AIRA LEPIK, REET OLEVSOO, KALJU TAMMARU, URVE TÕNNOV, TIIU VALM, ANNE VALMAS, MEELI VESKUS

Editor ENE RIET, Second Editor MAIRE LIIVAMETS, Text Editor ELLEN ARNOVER, Copy Preparator TIIU TALI, Designed by KERSTI TORMIS, Cover photos by MALEV TOOM

2001 nr. 2 EDITORIAL CONTENTS ARCHIVE

Dear book-lovers, good librarians,

Though we are bidding farewell to the Year of the Estonian Book we will always emphasise the word book in our thoughts and in our deeds. It has simply hewed them, and no force can change it. As a matter of fact, the libraries’ contibution to the great event of the year was mighty. When the time comes for adding up the numbers and texts of the Year of the Book we certainly turn out to be in front ranks; but it should be that way – we do not imagine our lives any way round. So this is rather a case of hope that we ourselves and our state are unbreakably loyal to the book than of we looking for a praise. The book has been praised in many written words during the last twelve months; I looked for something worthy of quoting, too. Eventually, I found myself being disloyal to the Estonian book because the passage below belongs to Albert Camus:

"This is a library," she said. She poorly pronounced the word she had heard her son to say and which meant nothing to her but she recognised the volume of a book. "Yes," said Jacques without raising his head. Catherine Cormery bent over his shoulder. She looked at the two rectangles in the light of the lamp, the properly organised lines; she scented it, too, and sometimes slipped over a page with her wrinkled fingers which were numb of wash water as if she was trying to better understand what is a book, to get closer to these signs which were mysterious and incomprehensible for her but from which her son so frequently and for hours found life she did not know, and from where the son returned with this look in his eyes with what he stared at his mother as she was a stranger.

[From The First Man, a free translation]

So we should hold the book and the library in respect as there is nothing much left for us.

Maire Liivamets

CONTENTS

FIRST COLUMN

Some Thoughts in the Middle of the Year of Estonian Book Andres Langemets
A well-known Estonian columnist describes how emerged the idea of a broadcast show Ex libris, dedicated to the Book Year; who participate in it and what has been the goal of the show.

COMMON TOPIC – SCHOOL LIBRARIES

Vastse-Kuuste Library Mall Kõpp
In 1998 a joint village and school library, Vastse-Kuuste library, opened its doors to the users in the renovated building of the local basic school. The integration of two types of libraries has cut the costs in the commune budget; and the school got itself a modern library. The library employes two librarians; the number of its users, visits and library loans has increased. The library is also opened during summer time and school holidays. The head of the library considers very important the fact that there are two entrances to the library premises – one for the adult readers and another for the pupils, directly from the school premises. The library collections are housed in different rooms, too, though it is impossible to entirely separate two user groups. The library has 21 reader’s desks in total, but there are quiter corners for adult users, too. The joining of a school and a public library has not made the service quality worse from any aspect; still, the acquisition has become more complicated.

Library of Ahtme Gymnasium Galina Smolina
The library of Ahtme Gymnasium started user services in its new premises in April 1994. A separate collection was planned to establish for home loans and the collection of reading room with 40 reader’s desks was to include reference literature, periodicals and documents in small number of copies. From 1995 the library of the Gymnasium for Russian-speaking children serves 40–60 users on the basis of its separate collections each per day. As a result of the library’s targeted acquisition policy the library can answer to 80% of the enquiries using its own data. On 1 January 2001 the library collection totalled 22,535 items. The library’s collection now includes more material on the official language of the Republic of Estonia, for teaching the Estonian language and literature; as well as material for teaching foreign languages (CDs, audio-visual material). Using the library’s computer, a newsletter on recent acquisitions is published, recommendatory bibliographic lists are compiled, the Gymnasium’s journal, Helios, is issued, etc. In 1999 the Ahtme Gymnasium got hold of the additional 4-storeyed building which now houses the local basic school. The home loan and reading room collections which include literature fit for the basic school pupils’ age were established at the school to support the childrens’ studies. Traditionally, the library organises meetings with writers, stage competitions for amateurs, library classes. A club of knowledge-seekers meets at the library, too. Tours to the research libraries are organised for the senior class students. The library also took active part in the events of the Year of the Estonian Book.

Library of Kreenholm School Tatyana Tokareva
After complete renovation works carried out in 1997 the library of Kreenholm school has a reading room for 24 users, 16,000 books and 20,000 text-books. Over the years the library has acquired quite a diverse collection where in addition to Russian classics (the school is for Russian-speaking children) now publications needed for teaching the official language of the state are purchased. Unfortunately, money always runs short; so the school’s welfare council was asked for material help to buy estonian literature. Several teachers love to carry out their classes at the library premises. The task of the librarian then is to select relevant reference literature and organise an exhibition. A club Miksike is active at the library; the librarian organises quizes for its members. Library classes fit for the age of their participant are also held where honouring and using books are taught to support individual information retrieval later. Hundreds of people visit the library every day; the library also celebrates festive events and more comprehensive book exhibitions draw the public, too. The library’s future aims are to shift to the computerised user services and establish a methodological centre for the pedagogical staff on the basis of its collection.

RESEARCH LIBRARIES

The Net-based User Training Taimi Nurmiste
During the school year 2000/2001 the Tallinn Technical University Library for the first time carried out bibliography courses, a part of the library’s user training programme for the first year’s students, in the Web environment as a distant learning course. The aim of the traing course, The Web-based Document Search in the Electronic Catalogue, was to introduce the library’s Web as an information source and teach the use of the electronic catalogue via the Internet. The instructions for the search of a book, a jounal and an article were prepared; the questions were formulated and the variants of the answers saved in a specially created database. On the basis of these materials a net-based learning environment was designed; its application consisted of two modules: the answering and the evaluation modules. In December 2000, 1113 students participated in the Web-based courses. The feedback was extremely positive. This experience showed that the library has the potential to support the modernisation of higher education.

100 years from the Release of the First Estonian-language Gramophone Record Katre Riisalu
In her article, the author provides an overview of the history of sound recording in Estonia. The first Estonian-language gramophone record was released by The Grammaphone Company in St. Petersburg 1901. The first sound recording in Estonia took place some years later when the choir of the Estonian Society sang in the hall of the hotel Kuldne Lõvi in Tallinn on 25 January 1904. In the years between the two world wars big record companies released about 2,000 records in Estonia. After the WW II, the recording of Estonian music and performers started again as late as in the end of 1940s, now already following the instructions coming from Moscow. The Tallinn Gramophone Record Studio, founded in 1959 and functioning up to 1989, released over 900 records of well-known Estonian performers, composers, writers and actors. In 1990s the release of sound recordings increased tremendously. The annual output of sound recordings has reached 300 titles.
The article also treats the registration of Estonian sound recordings in discographies. The systematic research and registration of the gramophone records from the beginning of the 20th century was started only in the last quarter of the century. In 1988 Eesti heliplaatide koondkataloog, 1901–1939 (The Joint Catalogue of Estonian Gramophone Records, 1901–1939) compiled by H. Pedusaar was published. The annual lists of sound recordings have been compiled at the National Library of Estonia since 1993. In the recent years the Estonian discography has formed a part of the Muusika (Music) series of the Estonian Current National Bibliography.

BOOK HISTORY

Presentable Books of the Year of the Estonian Book Helle Remmelt
The author reviews two books published in the Year of Estonian Books 1935 – Eesti Vabadusristi kavalerid (The Chevaliers of the Estonian Cross of Liberty) published by the Brotherhood of the Cross of Liberty in Tallinn 1935, and the 5th edition of the Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald’s Kalevipoeg (the Estonian national epic) published by the Estonian Literary Society in Tartu 1936. The publishing of Eesti Vabadusristi kavalerid was to commemorate the chevaliers of the Cross of Liberty, the then only state decoration of the Republic of Estonia. The decoration has been awarded to 2,078 Estonian citizens and 1,057 foreigners. The book presents a photograph and curriculum vitae of 1,343 chevaliers of this Estonian state decoration. The 5th edition of F.R. Kreutzwald’s Kalevipoeg has been reviewed as "an aesthetically valuable public edition without much intoduction and comments" (From August Annist’s foreword to the publication). The illustrations by Kristjan Raud and Hando Mugasto have an essential part in the publication.

INTERVIEW

Live on, Estonian Librarianship Maire Liivamets
An interview with Tiiu Pihlakas, an unexpectedly retired chief librarian of the Jõgeva County Central Library. She explains her reasons for retirement and talks about things that still make her heart ache (for instance, local history study). Tiiu Pihlakas also expresses her opinion of the joining of public and school libraries. It should be taken under consideration, and if necessary, then the integration libraries of these types should take place. She also makes several remarks about the cooperation of public libraries which should be more effective it is today. She promises to join in in the future activities, if she is invited.

THE ANSWER PLACE

Anzori Barkalaja and Krista Talvi Answer to the Editor’s Question
Anzori Barkalaya, the Principal of Viljandi College of Culture, and Krista Talvi, the President of the Estonian Librarians Association, answer to the editor’s question whether the Department of Librarianship and Information Sciences of the College has succeeded in fulfilling its tasks in respect of the demands of the 21st century’s librarian. Barkalaya concentrates more on the development plan and the future of the school; Talvi evaluates the present level of the students’ knowledge.

RECENT LITERATURE ON LIBRARIANSHIP

ESTONIAN HISTORY OF IDEAS

We, Estonians Mall Hiiemäe
Mall Hiiemäe, the senior researcher at the Estonian Folklore Archives introduces a collection of articles Meie, eestlased (We, Estonians) published in 2000 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Oskar Loorits, an outsanding Estonian specialist in folklore and national ideologist. The collection compiled by Hando Runnel was published in the series Eesti mõttelugu (Estonian History of Ideas); it includes 30 selected articles from the legacy of Oskar Loorits (over 500 works in total), written in the author’s native county 1927–1958 and, later, in Sweden where fled as the war broke off.
In these arcticles, Loorits concentrates his attention on the development of the fundamental nature and knowledge of life of Estonians, a minor nation on the borderline between the Eastern and Western Europe and under the influence of big nations, from the pre-historic ages to the middle of the 20th century. He values the aboriginal Finno-Ugric culture background of Estonians and contrasts it with the western ideological model. Many of his standing points are also valid in the modern Estonian social and political life.

MARKET PENETRATION OF LIBRARIES

The Balanced Scorecard Methodics Aira Lepik
The article gives an overview of the balanced scorecard methodics and analyses its use in library performance measurement. The piece treats, in the context of balanced scorecard which has multiple levels, the impact of the analysis of a library’s vision and strategy on users, inner resources, innovation, readiness to learn and financing.

CRITICAL REVIEW

Across the Land of Troubles Vaime Kabur
In her critical review on Piret Lotman’s book Parlamendiraamatukogust rahvusraamatukogust III. F.R. Kreutzwaldi nimeline Eesti NSV Riiklik raamatukogu 1954–1988 (From a Parliamentary Library to a National Library III. F.R. Kreutzwald State Library of the Estonian SSR 1954–1988), a merited and elderly worker of the National Library of Estonia describes what she felt and went through in her working years. Kabur claims that work was then done, too, – of course, depending on the staff member’s will to carry it out – but the Soviet power was always above and next to us. She acknowledges Piret Lotman’s work as an honest and unvarnished treaty of the times of ideological pressure.

ESTONIAN LIBRARIANS ASSOCIATION

The ELA’s Annual Meeting
At the ELA’s Annual Meeting on 28 February Krista Talvi, the President of the ELA, reported on the activities of the passed year. The participants in the meeting also listened to the reports of the Financial and Auditing Committees, the Action Plan for 2001 and selected new ELA Board members. The ELA’s annual prize was awarded to Tiiu Reimo (employee of the Estonian Academic Library; the member of the ELA’s Committee of Old and Rare Books and its leader for a long time) and prize for merits to Tiiu Pihlakas (the trustee of the regional association of Jõgeva County).

The ELA’s Forum Linda Kask, Reet Olevsoo
This year’s theme of a traditional ELA forum held on the same day with the Annual Meeting, the seventh in turn, was Does the Estonian Library System Need Reforms? In his speech, Margus Allikmaa, the Chancellor of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Estonia, informed of the steps taken in drawing up the Development Plan for Estonian Research Libraries and detailed his vision of a common acquisition centre for public libraries. Maie Toimet, the Head of the Science Service of the Ministry of Education, provided information on the planned changes in the Act on the Scientific and Development Activities Organisation which also concerne libraries. Krista Talvi, Anne Valmas, Aira Lepik, Ivi Tingre, Rutt Enok and several others also expressed their thoughts and comments on Estonian librarianship. The forum did not give a straight answer to the question whether the Estonian library system needs reforms, but it was carried by a thought that several things indeed need changes.

Librarian – the 21st century profession Malle Ermel
The author summarizes the issues treated at the joint forum of the Viljandi College of Culture, the Department of Information Studies of Tallinn Pedagogical University, the ELA Committee on Education and the Education Board for Librarians at the Ministry of Culture on 15 November 2000 in Viljandi. The forum supported the idea that besides professional training and academic degree courses, Estonia needs more further professional training for librarians. In addition to that, Estonia needs a development plan for the librarianship field.

The ELA – For What? Katrin Kaugver
At the meeting of the ELA Board and activists on 1–2 February at Roosta tourist camp the mission, key issues, goals and primary tasks of the ELA were reviewed. The opportunities and challenges as well as the stronger and weaker sides of the ELA were discussed.

The Book as a Culture Value Rutt Hiie
On 15 February the ELA’s Committee of Old and Rare Books and the Estonian Academic Library held a conference The Book as a Culture Value. 6 papers primarly dealt with the history of the book during the Reformation. Earlier books are an interesting material for researchers, and when historians, book preserves and the researchers of book history together step up with their reports – as it was the case this time – the results will be more weighty indeed.

NEWS

An Important Book for the Year of the Estonian Book Tiina Aasmann
On 11 April a hundred years passed from the birth of Richard Antik, a famous Estonian researcher of librarianship, bibliographer and archivist (died in 1998). A brief overview of his life and activities as a founder of the Archival Library of the Estonian National Museum is given to celebrate the event.

Richard Antik and The Estonian Archival Library Merike Kiipus
On 11 April a hundred years passed from the birth of Richard Antik, a famous Estonian librarian, bibliographer and archivist (1901–1998). The best years in his librarianship caree passed in the Archival Library of the Estonian National Museum (1923–1942) which became a real national library of its time. The Estonian Literary Museum published a collection Richard Antik to celebrate his birthday.

In Memoriam - Linda Liinve

ARCHIVE
2001 - 1

2000 - 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
1999 - 6, 5, 4, 3, 2