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Maps of 18th century Livonia


Ducatuum Livoni Æ et CurlandiÆ Nova Tabula :Cum Privil. Potent. D. Ordin. Belgii Foederati / descripta, divisa et edita per F. de Witt. – [1:1 000 000]. – Amstelodami //Amsterdam// : Petri Mortier, [after 1705].Copper engraving ; 49 x 41 cm.


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Original in the National Library Cartography Collection

This map was drawn by Frederik de Wit, a cartographer from the Netherlands.

Frederik de Wit(t) (1616–1698) established his printing office in Amsterdam 1648 and published several atlases since 1670 (Atlas, Atlas Minor, Atlas Maior, a sea atlas and a Belgium atlas). Besides atlases, he has published 124 land maps and 27 sea maps on separate sheets. His son and grandson of the same name produced 130 maps in total, too. The Wits’ firm was shut down in 1706 and its plates passed into the ownership of Pieter Mortier (1661–1711), a geographer, copper engraver, printer and publisher from Amsterdam, who has also published the present map. After Mortier’s death in 1721 the firm passed into the ownership of Jean Covens ja Cornielle Mortier who named the firm Covens & Mortier.


Darstellung der neuen auf Keiserl(ichen) Befehl i. J. 1783 errichteten Revalschen und Rigischen Statthalterschaften (ehemals die Herzogthümer Ehstland u. Liefland); und ihrer neuen statthalterschaftlichen Vertheilungen der Kreisse und Kirchspiele : Nach Anleitung der neuen Hupelschen Charte, vom Jahr 1774 / O. F. v. Pistohlkors delin. – [Ca 1:1 500 000]. – [After 1782]. – Copper engraving ; 39 x 26 cm. - (Nordische Miscellaneen / August Wilhelm Hupel ; St. 8).


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Original in the National Library Cartography Collection

This map was published as an annex to A.W. Hupel’s book Nordische Miscellaneen and drawn by a Baltic-German, Otto Friedrich von Pistohlkors (1754–1831), a Polish and Russian military officer, a Landrat and the jugde in the district court, and from 1805, an ambassador of the Knighthood of Livonia in St. Petersburg.

August Wilhelm Hupel (1737–1819) was a Baltic-German publicist, a reseacher of local history and languages. He studied at the University of Jena and moved to Riga in 1757. In 1760–1763 he was the parson of Äksi and in 1763–1804 of Põltsamaa congregations. He also collected rich material on the geography, history, administration, economical and eveday life of the Baltic countries. His lifework is titled Topographische Nachricten von Lief- und Ehstland I-III (1774–1782), Nordische Miscellaneen (1781–1791) and Neue Nordische Miscellaneen (1792–1798).


Ducati di Livonia, e di Estonia, e Governi di Nowogorod, Bielogorod, e Kiowia coi loro Distretti Nella Russia Europea : Di nuova Projezione ; Con Privilegio dell’ Eccel. / [G. Zuliani inc.] ; G. Pitteri scr.[Ca 1:3 500 000]. – Venezia //Venice// : Antonio Zatta, 1782 [published in 1785]. – Copper engraving ; 31 x 41 cm. – (Atlante Novissimo ; 11).


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Original in the National Library Cartography Collection

 


Livoni Æ et CurlandiÆ Ducatus Cum Insulis Adjacentib. Mappa Geographica / Exhibiti per Tob. Conr. Lotter, GEOGR. AUGUST VIND.[Ca 1:930 000]. – Augsburg : August Vind, [after 1756]. – Copper engraving ; 56 x 47 cm. – (Atlas novus sive tabulae gographicae / Tobias Conrad Lotter).


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Original in the National Library Cartography Collection

This map has been drawn by Matthias Seutter (1678–1757), an engraver and publisher of maps from Augsburg, who had learned his craft from the most outstanding German cartographer in the turn of the 17 th ja 18 th century, Johann Baptist Homann (1663–1724), an engraver and publisher of maps from Nürnberg. Seutter established his workshop in 1707 and published atlases in different formats since 1728. These atlases mostly included the copies of maps by Homann.

This map is originally a posthumous reprint from Matthias Seutter’s Atlas Novus in Tobias Conrad Lotter’s atlas.

Tobias Conrad Lotter (1717–1777) was a son in law of Matthias Seutter. He with Seutter’s son, Albrecht, and another son in law, G.B. Probst, took over the Seutter’s workshop. Later the firm entirely passed into the ownership of Lotter and the name Seutter has been replaced by the one of Lotter on the maps published in the atlases Atlas Minor, 1744, Atlas Novus, 1772 and, Atlas Geographicus, 1778.


Ducatuum LivoniÆ et CurlandiÆ Novissima Tabula in Quibus sunt Estonia, Litlandia et AliÆ Minores ProvinciÆ / Per R & I. Ottens . – [Ca 1:970 000]. – Amstelodami //Amsterdam// : J. Ottens, [approx1711–1750]. – Copper engraving ; 49 x 58 cm. (Atlas maior sive collectio mapparum variis autoribus ; 22).


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Original in the National Library Cartography Collection

Joachim Ottens (and sons)published atlases both of their own maps as well as of the maps drawn by other cartographers. Their first atlas was published in 1690.

This map is a reprint from Atlas Maior Sive Collectio Mapparum Variis Autoribus by Joachim Ottens.

Livonie, Curlande et Samogitie / J. van Lugtenburg Sculps . – [Ca 1:3 600 000]. – [La Haye //The Hague// : Henry Scheurleer, 1711]. – 1 map : copper engraving ; 19 x 15 cm. – (Theatre Complet et Particularisé De La Guerre Du Nort Ou Cartes Geographiques Des Pais exposez a la presente Guerre / Par le Sr. Rxx de L. ; 11).


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Original in the National Library Cartography Collection

 


Die Hertzogthümer Curland und Liefland . – [Ca 1:3 000 000]. – Leipzig : J. G. Schreiber, [ca 1749]. – 1 map : copper engraving ; 20 x 16 cm. – (Atlas Selectus von allen Königreichen und Ländern der Welt zum bequemen Gebrauch in Schulen, auf Reisen und beij dem Lesen der Zeitungen ; 125).


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Original in the National Library Cartography Collection

The map originates from Atlas Selectus, an atlas by Johann Christoph and Johann Georg Schreiber, engravers and cartographers from Leipzig. This was their only work and was published after their death.


Curlande, Livonie, Ingrie et Partie Meridionale de Finlande Avec Privilege / Par Robert de Vaugondy fils de Mr. Robert, Geogr. ordin du Roi . – [Ca 1:4 400 000]. – Paris : R. de Vaugondy ; Durand : Pissot Fils, 1749 [was published later]. – 1 map : copper engraving ; 19 x 17 cm. – (Atlas Portatif Universel / Robert de Vaugondy).


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Original in the National Library Cartography Collection

The map originates from Atlas Portatif Universel, an atlas published by R.G. de Vaugondy in 1752.

Robert Gilles de Vaugondy (1688 – 1766) inherited the printing plates of the maps of the most eminent French cartographers, the Sansons, and bought cartographic materials of Alexis Hubert Jaillot (1632 – 1712). Combining them, he published two atlases with his don Didier in 1748 and in 1752.
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