E-kataloog ESTER

Artiklite andmebaas ISE

Digitaalarhiiv DIGAR

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Collections

 

| The size of collections | Desired publications |

 

The acquisition of collections in the National Library began with the foundation of the State Library on 21 Dec 1918. The core of the collection comprised 2000 books necessary for lawmaking and governing, which earlier had belonged to the former Estonian Province Administration.

From 1919 the Library began to receive deposit copies of all Estonian publications. The collections were also increased on the basis of international book exchange.

In 1935, the State Library Archival Collection was established to which a copy of all publications issued in Estonia was assigned. This was the beginning of a systematic acquisition of Estonian publications and the printed matter on the Baltic States.

During the Soviet occupation, communication with foreign libraries ceased and Russian-language publications, received as all-Union deposit copies, started to dominate in the collections.

Since 1980s the National Library of Estonia has increased its collections according to its tasks as a national and parliamentary library and a library for the humanities and social sciences. Pursuant to the Legal Deposit Act, the Library collects, stores and makes available publications, audiovisuals, electronic items and web publications issued in Estonia. According to the Rules of Acquisition, in addition to items published in Estonia or about Estonia, the Library acquires official publications of foreign countries, publications of international organisations, items in the field of law, economics, politics and other humanitarian and social sciences.

The principles of the development and preservation of collections are determined in the Collections Development and Preservation Policy of the National Library of Estonia to 2013, according to which a strategic goal of the National Library is to preserve and make available the national cultural heritage of the collections for the current and future generations. The cultural heritage is considered the rare books and archival collections, the archival documents of personal archives, and the works of original art. To provide for the integrity, storage and accessibility of collections, the reproduction of items on the basis of the annual reproduction programme is carried out. The digitised publications are available through the archive DIGAR.


ESTER